本次大学英语四级考试的翻译题目分别是黄山、华山和泰山，仍然是中国文化题目，许多词汇都是常考的词汇，从句子翻译的难度上看，四级对翻译能力的考查依然注重的是基本能力，属于基础英语词汇和句型的考查范围，比如大家很熟悉的not only... but also的并列几乎每年都出现。下面是真题及参考范文和名师解析。
Huangshan (Yellow Mountain) is located in southern Anhui Province. The area is well known for its unique scenery, especially sunrise and sea of clouds. To enjoy the magnificence of a mountain, you have to look upwards in most cases. To enjoy Huangshan, however, you've got to look downward. Furthermore, Huangshan's moist climate facilitates the growing of tea trees, therefore the mountain is one of China's premier tea-growing areas. In addition, Huangshan has multiple hot springs which help prevent and cure skin illness. Huangshan is one of China's major tourist destinations and the most frequent subject of photography and traditional Chinese painting.
Mount Huang is in southern Anhui province. It has unique scenery and it is especially famous for its sunsets and sea of clouds. To enjoy the greatness of a mountain, usually you need to look upwards. But to enjoy the beautiful scenery of Mount Huang, you need to look downwards. The humid climate in Mount Huang is good for growing tea trees. It is one of the main growing areas of tea in China. There are also many hot springs which help prevent skin illness. Mount Huang is one of the main tourist destinations in China. It is also the most popular theme for photography and traditional Chinese painting.
The Yellow Mountain is located in the south of Anhui Province. With unique sceneries, it is particularly famous for sunrise and the sea of clouds. To enjoy the magnificence of a mountain, you have to look upwards in most cases. To enjoy Mount Huangshan, however, you've got to look downward. With the humid climate, which is beneficial to the growth of tea trees, the Yellow Mountain is one of the main places of production of tea in China. There are also a great many hot springs, whose water helps with the prevention and treatment of skin diseases. Being one of the major destinations for tourists in China, the Yellow Mountain is also a popular topic for photography and traditional Chinese paintings.
Mount Huang is located in the south of Anhui province. Its landscape is unique, and it is especially famous for its sunrise and sea of clouds. In order to appreciate the magnificence of this great mountain, one has to look up, but to enjoy the beautiful scenery of Mount Huang, one has to look down. Mount Huang’s humid climate is fit for the growth of tea tree, and it is one of the major tea tree growing areas of China. There are also many warm springs in Mount Huang, whose water is helpful for the prevention and treatment of skin diseases. Mount Huang is one of the major tourist destinations in china, and is also the most popular subject of photography and traditional Chinese paintings.
黄山 Mount Huang
风景 landscape, scenery
云海 sea of clouds
美景 beautiful scenery
湿润的气候 humid climate
茶树 tea tree
防治 prevention and treatment
传统国画 traditional Chinese painting
Huashan(Mount Hua) is situated in Huayin City, 120 kilometers away from Xi'an. It ispart of the Qinling Mountains, which divides not only Southern and NorthernShaanxi, but also South and North China. Unlike Taishan, which became a popularplace of pilgrimage, Huashan was not well visited in the past because it is dangerousfor the climbers to reach its summit. Huashan was also an important place frequentedby immortality seekers, as many herbs grow there especially some rare ones. Sincethe installation of the cable cars in the 1990s, the number of visitors hasincreased significantly.
120 kilometers from Xi’an, Huashan Mountain is located in the City of Huayin. Huashan Mountain, which is part of Qinling Mountains. Not only does it separate Northern Shaanxi and Southern Shaanxi, but it also divides China into Northern and Southern parts. Unlike the widely worshipped Mount Taishan, Huashan Mountain used to be barely visited, owing to the treacherous paths to the top. Despite that, those people who longed for longevity trekked Huashan Mountain constantly, probing for the numerous varieties of medical herbs, particularly the scarce. The past few years have witnessed an increasing number of travelers since the installation of the aerial tramway in 1990s.
Located in the City of Huayin, Mount Hua is 120 kilometers from Xi’an. Mount Hua is part of the Qinling Mountains, which not only separate Northern Shaanxi and Southern Shaanxi, but divide China into Northern and Southern parts. Unlike the widely worshipped Mount Tai, Mount Hua was rarely visited owing to the dangerous paths to the top. However, those who longed for longevity visited Mount Hua on a regular basis because there were numerous medical herbs, particularly the scarce. There has been an increase in the number of travelers since the installation of the cable cars in 1990s.
Huashan is located in Huayin City, 120 kilometers away from Xi'an. It is part of the Qinling Mountains, which not only separate Southern and Northern Shanxi, but also separate South and North China. In the past, Huashan was rarely visited because of its hard and steep road, which is unlike Taishan where people often went to worship. However, those who wish to live longer often ascend the mountain for many herbs grow on the mountain, especially some rare herbs. After the installation of cable cars in the 1990s, the number of visitors has increased greatly .
今年的英语四级翻译试题从选材上来看继续延续了之前的出题风格，依然是和中国特色及传统文化有关。去年的四级翻译真题就考过“长江黄河”等中国地理名词，今年考到的是中国的各大名山。从句子翻译的难度上看，四级对翻译能力的考查依然注重的是基本能力，属于基础英语词汇和句型的考查范围，比如大家很熟悉的not only... but also 的并列几乎每年都出现。还有，遇到多个汉语谓宾结构时要注意从句和分词结构的使用，这一直是语法当中要求要掌握的重点。所以之后备考四六级的同学们一定要好好学习历年真题，因为会出现重复题材或者重复句型结构哦！
Taishan (Mount Tai) is located in western Shandong Province. It is over 1,500 meters tall and covers an area of about 400 square kilometers. Taishan is a majestic mountain of historical and cultural significance which has been a place of worship for at least 3,000 years. A total of 72 emperors were recorded as visiting it. Writers came to acquire inspiration for composing poems and writing essays while artists for painting. Hence, a great many cultural relics were left on the mountain. Taishan has now become a major tourist attraction in China.
Mount Tai is in western Shandong province. It is over 1500 meters high and about 400 square kilometers. Mount Tai is great and it is a famous mountain for its history and culture. People have been visited there over the past 3000 years. According to the record, 72 emperors have been visited there. Many writers go to Mount Tai to get ideas for poems and articles. Artists also go there for painting. Therefore, many ancient things are left there. Now Mount Tai has been a major tourist attraction in China.
Mount Tai, located in the west of Shangdong Province, is over 1500 meters above sea level, and covers an area of about 400 square kilometers. Mount Tai is a magnificent mountain. Besides, it is a famous mountain with history and culture. For more than 3000 years, it has been a place where people have taken a journey to worship. A total of 72 emperors were recorded as visiting it. In addition, writers have traveled to Mount Tai for inspiration, producing poems and essays. Artists come here to draw and paint pictures as well. As a result, a great many cultural relics were left on the mountain. Nowadays Mount Tai has become a main scenic attraction in China.
之前跟大家说过，插入语做名词解释的时候才可以使用。黄山、华山、泰山这三篇文章基本都符合这个特点，但是这三篇文章的插入语不同。关于华山的翻译，译法很多，你想写成什么都行，不会有老师因为这个写的不对扣你分的。华山是秦岭的一部分，不会写秦岭，也没有关系，怎么样翻译都是可以的。除非有一些特殊的，长城不能写成汉语拼音的长城，黄河也不行。要把句子变成插入语的模式比较难，大家会发现这里插入了两个（located in Huayin City, 120 kilometers away from Xi’an），插入语不止可以插入两个，随便几个都是可以的。这里的which代替的是秦岭，所以这个句子特别高级，既使用了插入语，也使用了定语从句，插入语或者定语从句至少得会用一个。
关于这点我认为主题一般压不中，主题这个东西对同学来说也没有什么意义，即使你知道今年考华山，你也不知道具体考什么。但记住句式肯定没有错。所以前天，我发了一篇高等教育的文章，看似没有关系，但形式是一样的。各位同学看一下，相对来说比较简单的做法是这样的，Higher education is one of the most important parts of the education system, which usually includes learning, teaching and research activities at a high level, and also various education institutions. 马上把第一句话一模一样的写下来。如果你会写名词解释型的句子，只要写完名词以后，想都不要想直接加一个逗号，它的作用是替换了系动词。双逗号做一个插入语，可以叫同位语，也可以叫插入语，都是可以的。
下面是泰山位于山东省西部。海拔1500余米，方圆约400平方公里。这个是超土超实用的写法。这句话怎么写呢？Taishan Mountain, located in the west part of Shandong Province, is about 1500m high and 400 square kilometers big，不会写海拔没有关系，不会写方圆无所谓，写big或high都可以，其他的基本上都会。